Onion Farming in Kenya 2024: Top 15 Best Onion Varieties for Maximum Yield

Onion Farming in Kenya 2024: Top 15 Best Onion Varieties for Maximum Yield

Onion farming plays a vital role in Kenya’s agricultural sector, and its importance cannot be overstated. The demand for onions remains high, both locally and internationally, making it a lucrative crop for farmers. Not only does onion farming contribute to the economy, but it also creates employment opportunities and encourages sustainable agricultural practices.

When it comes to onion farming, following essential steps is crucial to ensure a successful harvest. From site selection and soil preparation to irrigation methods and pest management, we will cover everything you need to know to embark on your onion farming journey.

Now, let’s explore the top 15 best onion varieties specifically suited for Kenya in 2024. Each variety possesses unique characteristics, such as high yield potential, disease resistance, and suitability to the local market. With this information, you can make informed choices about which varieties to cultivate for maximum profitability.

The Importance of Onion Farming in Kenya

Onion farming plays a crucial role in the agricultural sector of Kenya. With its high demand in the market and numerous economic benefits, it has become an essential crop for farmers across the country.

One of the primary reasons for the importance of onion farming in Kenya is its market demand. Onions are a staple ingredient in various local dishes, making them a vital component of the Kenyan cuisine. The steady demand for onions ensures a reliable market for farmers, offering them a profitable opportunity to sustain their livelihoods.

Furthermore, onion farming provides several economic benefits to farmers. The crop has a relatively shorter growing period compared to other crops, which allows farmers to harvest multiple times in a year. This provides a consistent income stream and contributes to maximizing their profits.

Essential Steps in Onion Farming

Onion farming requires careful planning and execution of various essential steps to ensure a successful harvest. By following these onion farming techniques, farmers can maximize their yield and produce high-quality onions.

  1. Site Selection

The first crucial step in onion farming is selecting the right site for cultivation. Onions thrive best in well-drained soil with a pH level between 6 and 7. Choosing a location with full sun exposure and good air circulation is also important for optimal growth.

  1. Soil Preparation

Preparing the soil properly is crucial for onion farming. Begin by removing any weeds, rocks, or debris from the planting area. Loosen the soil using a tiller or hand tools and incorporate organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility and structure.

  1. Planting Techniques

There are two common methods for planting onions: seed sowing and transplanting. For seed sowing, sow the seeds directly into the prepared soil at the recommended depth. Transplanting involves starting onion seeds indoors and transferring the seedlings to the field after they have grown to a suitable size.

Read: Effective Pest Control Strategies for Vegetable Gardens and Farm in Kenya


  1. Irrigation Methods

Providing adequate water is vital for onion farming. Onions require consistent soil moisture, especially during bulb formation. Consider using drip irrigation or a carefully controlled sprinkler system to ensure uniform and efficient water distribution.

  1. Pest and Disease Management

To prevent pests and diseases from damaging the onion crop, implement appropriate pest management strategies. This includes regular monitoring, using organic or chemical pest control methods when necessary, and practicing crop rotation to reduce the risk of disease build-up.

  1. Harvesting Practices

Knowing the right time to harvest onions is crucial for preserving their quality and flavor. Harvest onions when the tops begin to dry and fall over naturally. Carefully lift the bulbs from the soil and allow them to cure in a well-ventilated area for a few weeks before storing or selling.

Top 15 Best Onion Varieties in Kenya for 2024

When it comes to onion farming in Kenya, selecting the right variety is crucial for achieving a successful harvest. In this section, we have curated a list of the top 15 best onion varieties that are well-suited for farming in Kenya in the year 2024

  1. Onion Texas Grano

Texas Grano onions are renowned for their robust flavor and crisp texture. They typically offer a balanced taste profile, ranging from mildly sweet to tangy, making them versatile ingredients in various culinary dishes. Whether used raw in salads or sandwiches, or cooked in soups, stews, or stir-fries, Texas Grano onions add depth of flavor and aroma to any recipe.

One of the key attributes of Texas Grano onions is their adaptability to different climatic conditions. This makes them an ideal choice for cultivation across various regions of Kenya. Whether in highland areas with cooler temperatures or lowland regions with warmer climates, Texas Grano onions thrive and produce consistent yields, providing farmers with a reliable crop option.

Due to their versatile culinary uses and adaptability, Texas Grano onions enjoy significant demand in both domestic and international markets. Their popularity among consumers, wholesalers, and retailers contributes to their economic value and market prominence. Farmers cultivating Texas Grano onions can benefit from favorable market prices and steady demand, thereby enhancing their livelihoods and agricultural sustainability.

The price of Texas Grano is KSh90.00–KSh2,500.00

  1. Onion Red Mantle FCS

Red Mantle FCS onions are prized for their vibrant red color and sweet, mild flavor. This unique combination sets them apart from other onion varieties and makes them highly desirable for culinary purposes. The rich hue of Red Mantle FCS onions adds visual appeal to dishes while their sweet taste enhances the overall flavor profile.

The striking appearance and pleasing flavor of Red Mantle FCS onions contribute to their popularity among consumers in Kenya. Whether used raw in salads, sandwiches, or salsas, or cooked in soups, stews, or stir-fries, these onions add a burst of color and sweetness to any dish, making them a preferred choice for home cooks and chefs alike.

Red Mantle FCS onions are versatile ingredients that can be used in a wide range of culinary applications. Their mild flavor makes them suitable for both raw and cooked preparations, allowing for creativity in the kitchen. Whether caramelized for savory dishes or pickled for added tanginess, Red Mantle FCS onions lend themselves well to various cooking techniques.

Red Mantle FCS onions are associated with premium quality and freshness, meeting the expectations of discerning consumers. Farmers who cultivate Red Mantle FCS onions prioritize quality control and proper handling practices to ensure that the onions reach the market in optimal condition, thereby maintaining their reputation as a top-tier onion variety.

The price of Red Mantle FCS onions is KSh150.00–KSh4,200.00

  1. Onion Hybrid Red Shine F1

One of the standout features of the is its remarkable yield potential. Bred through hybridization, this variety is optimized for productivity, allowing farmers to achieve substantial harvests per acre of cultivated land. The high yields contribute to increased profitability and economic sustainability for onion growers in Kenya.

Hybrid Red Shine F1 onions are engineered to exhibit resistance to common onion diseases prevalent in Kenya’s agricultural landscape. This resistance helps mitigate the risk of crop loss due to diseases such as onion downy mildew and botrytis, providing farmers with greater reliability and peace of mind during the cultivation process.

The onions produced by Hybrid Red Shine F1 plants are characterized by their uniform size, shape, and intense red color. This uniformity enhances their visual appeal and marketability, making them attractive to both consumers and retailers. Whether displayed in supermarkets or local markets, the consistent appearance of Hybrid Red Shine F1 onions commands attention and fosters consumer confidence.

The price of Hybrid Red Shine F1 onion is KSh450.00–KSh11,675.00

  1. Hybrid Onion Red Volcano F1

Hybrid Onion Red Volcano F1 shines as a top choice. Its robust flavor, coupled with exceptional storage capabilities, makes it a favorite among farmers and consumers. With high yields and resistance to common diseases, it ensures reliable harvests and satisfies market demands. Its vibrant red hue and uniformity enhance its visual appeal, while its versatility in culinary applications adds value to dishes across the board. In short, the Hybrid Onion Red Volcano F1 stands out as a premium onion variety driving agricultural success and culinary delight in Kenya.

The price of Hybrid Onion Red Volcano F1is Sh450.00–KSh11,672.00

  1. Hybrid Onion Red Cornet F1

In Kenya’s onion market of 2024, the Hybrid Onion Red Cornet F1 stands as a top contender. With its high yields and resistance to common onion diseases, it ensures reliable production for farmers. Its elongated shape and rich red color make it visually striking, appealing to consumers and commanding premium prices. Whether used fresh or cooked, its firm texture and intense flavor elevate culinary creations, making it a preferred choice for chefs and home cooks alike. In summary, the Hybrid Onion Red Cornet F1 embodies excellence in both agricultural performance and culinary versatility, making it a standout variety in Kenya’s onion landscape.

The price of Hybrid Onion Red Cornet F1 is KSh300.00–KSh7,000.00


  1. White Lisbon Onion

White Lisbon Onion holds a prominent position. Known for its mild flavor and crisp texture, it’s favored in salads, sandwiches, and other raw dishes. Its white bulbs add brightness to meals, enhancing their visual appeal. Versatile in both raw and cooked preparations, it’s a go-to ingredient for chefs and home cooks alike. With its popularity and culinary flexibility, the White Lisbon Onion remains a top choice in Kenya’s diverse culinary landscape.

The price of White Lisbon Onion is KSh805.00–KSh7,920.00

  1. Onion spring bunching

Onion Spring Bunching is one of the Variety s that stands out in Kenya. Celebrated for its tender stalks and mild onion flavor, it’s a favorite garnish and ingredient in salads, stir-fries, and soups. Its versatility extends to its harvesting convenience, as it can be harvested young for multiple yields throughout the growing season. With its fresh aroma and vibrant green color, the Onion Spring Bunching adds a touch of freshness and flavor to culinary creations, making it an essential component in Kenya’s culinary repertoire.

The price of Onion Spring Bunching is KSh450.00–KSh7,200.00

  1. Onion Sivan F1

Renowned for its high yields and uniform bulb size, it’s a preferred choice for commercial growers seeking productivity and consistency. Its sweet and tangy flavor profile enhances dishes across cuisines, while its excellent storage capabilities ensure freshness and availability year-round. With its premium quality and reliability, the Onion Sivan F1 continues to be a cornerstone in Kenya’s onion industry, contributing to agricultural success and culinary excellence.

The price of Onion Sivan F1 is KSh885.00–KSh17,295.00

  1. Onion Gobit F1

Onion Gobit F1 variety stands tall as a premium choice. Known for its impressive size and weight, it commands attention and appeals to consumers looking for top-quality produce. With a robust flavor profile that strikes a perfect balance between sweetness and pungency, it enhances the taste of various culinary creations. Its long shelf life ensures extended storage and distribution, making it a practical option for wholesalers and retailers alike. With its combination of size, flavor, and shelf stability, the Onion Gobit F1 continues to be a sought-after variety, contributing to the success of Kenya’s onion industry.

The price of Onion Gobit F1 is ksh KSh3,570.00–KSh35,305.00


  1. Onion Red Creole

In Kenya’s onion market of 2024, the Onion Red Creole variety holds a special place among consumers and growers alike. Known for its vibrant red color and robust flavor, it adds a distinctive taste to culinary dishes. The Red Creole onion is prized for its versatility in both raw and cooked applications, making it suitable for salads, soups, stews, and stir-fries. Its crisp texture and pungent flavor elevate the taste of dishes, appealing to a wide range of palates.

One of the key attributes of the Red Creole onion is its adaptability to various growing conditions, making it suitable for cultivation in different regions of Kenya. Its ability to thrive in diverse climates ensures a consistent supply throughout the year, meeting the demands of consumers and contributing to the sustainability of onion farming in the country.

The price of Onion Red Creole is ksh KSh1,090.00–KSh10,324.00

  1. Onion Red Halen F1

Onion Red Halen F1 variety stands out as a premium option. Characterized by its deep red color and intense flavor, it adds a bold and distinctive taste to culinary dishes. Renowned for its premium quality, it’s favored by chefs and home cooks alike for its exceptional taste and aesthetic appeal. With its robust flavor profile and long shelf life, the Onion Red Halen F1 variety remains a top choice for gourmet dishes and specialty markets. Whether used fresh or cooked, it continues to captivate consumers and contribute to Kenya’s culinary landscape with its superior quality and flavor.

The price of Onion Red Halen F1 is KSh2,532.00–KSh23,671.00

  1. Shotgun 20 SP

In Kenya’s onion market of 2024, the Shotgun 20 SP variety holds a distinct position among growers and consumers. Renowned for its high yield potential and resilience to common onion pests and diseases, Shotgun 20 SP is favored by farmers seeking optimal productivity and crop protection.

One of the key features of Shotgun 20 SP is its adaptability to various soil types and climatic conditions, making it suitable for cultivation in different regions of Kenya. Its ability to thrive in diverse environments ensures consistent yields, contributing to food security and economic stability in the agricultural sector.

The Shotgun 20 SP onion is characterized by its uniform bulb size and shape, which enhances its visual appeal and marketability. Its firm texture and mild flavor make it suitable for a wide range of culinary applications, including salads, soups, stews, and stir-fries.

Shotgun 20 SP onions have a relatively long storage life, allowing for extended shelf life and distribution to distant markets. This quality is advantageous for both farmers and consumers, ensuring a steady supply of fresh onions throughout the year.

The price of Shotgun 20 SP is KSh600.00–KSh5,105.00

  1. Red Coach F1

Red Coach F1 variety has emerged as a top contender among growers and consumers. Known for its vibrant red color and superior flavor, Red Coach F1 onions are highly sought after for their culinary excellence.

One of the notable features of Red Coach F1 onions is their high yield potential, allowing farmers to achieve impressive harvests per acre. This productivity is coupled with resilience to common onion pests and diseases, making Red Coach F1 onions a reliable choice for cultivation in various regions of Kenya.

The intense red color of Red Coach F1 onions adds visual appeal to culinary dishes, making them a favorite among chefs and home cooks alike. Whether used raw in salads or cooked in soups, stews, or stir-fries, these onions lend a rich color and flavor to a wide range of recipes.

The price of Red Coach F1 is ksh KSh4,000.00–KSh34,452.00

  1. Loyalty 700 WDG

In Kenya’s onion market of 2024, Loyalty 700 WDG stands out as a key player among the top onion varieties. As a widely used fungicide, Loyalty 700 WDG plays a crucial role in protecting onion crops from fungal diseases, ensuring healthy growth and maximizing yields.

One of the primary advantages of Loyalty 700 WDG is its effectiveness against a range of fungal pathogens commonly affecting onion crops. By preventing diseases such as onion downy mildew and botrytis, Loyalty 700 WDG helps farmers safeguard their crops and maintain their productivity throughout the growing season.

Moreover, Loyalty 700 WDG offers convenience and ease of use, making it a preferred choice among farmers. Its water-dispersible granule formulation allows for easy mixing and application, ensuring uniform coverage and optimal protection against fungal diseases.

  1. White Creole onions

This variety Known for its distinctive white color and robust flavor, White Creole onions are favored for their culinary versatility and unique taste profile.

One of the key features of White Creole onions is their crisp texture and mild yet tangy flavor. This makes them ideal for a wide range of culinary applications, including salads, sandwiches, salsas, and cooked dishes. Their subtle flavor enhances the taste of dishes without overpowering other ingredients, making them a versatile choice for chefs and home cooks alike.

Moreover, White Creole onions are prized for their aesthetic appeal, with their bright white bulbs adding visual contrast to dishes. Whether used raw in salads or cooked in soups and stews, their vibrant color adds an attractive element to culinary creations.

Tips for Successful Onion Farming

Successfully growing onions involves implementing several key strategies. By following these tips, you can increase your chances of achieving success in your onion farming venture.

  1. Crop Rotation

One essential tip for successful onion farming is practicing crop rotation. By rotating your onion crops with different plant families, you can help prevent the buildup of pests and diseases in the soil. Consider rotating with crops like beans, cabbage, or tomatoes to maintain soil health and reduce the risk of onion-specific issues.

  1. Proper Fertilization

Fertilizing your onion crops correctly is crucial for obtaining optimal yields. Before planting, ensure you have prepared the soil by incorporating organic matter and adding a balanced fertilizer. During the growing season, regularly apply nitrogen-based fertilizers to promote leaf and bulb development. Monitoring soil nutrient levels and adjusting fertilizer application accordingly is also recommended.

See! 4 Natural Fertilizers to Improve Crop Production in Kenya

  1. Weed Control

Managing weeds is essential for healthy onion growth. Keep your onion beds weed-free by using cultivation tools or applying mulch to suppress weed growth. Regularly inspect your crop and promptly remove any weeds that emerge to prevent competition for nutrients and moisture.

  1. Onion Storage and Preservation

Properly storing and preserving your harvested onions is critical for maintaining their quality and extending their shelf life. Ensure your onions are fully cured before storing them in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area. Avoid storing onions near potatoes or other crops that release ethylene gas, as this can lead to spoilage.

  1. Marketing Strategies

Developing effective marketing strategies is vital for maximizing the profitability of your onion farming business. Research local market trends and identify target customers such as retailers, wholesalers, or restaurants. Establish relationships with potential buyers, consider participating in farmers’ markets or utilizing online platforms, and highlight the unique qualities of your onions to attract customers.

Challenges and Solutions in Onion Farming

Onion farming in Kenya comes with its fair share of challenges that farmers need to navigate. These challenges can include pest and disease management, market fluctuations, climate change, and access to quality seeds.

  • Pest and Disease Management

Pests and diseases can greatly affect the yield and quality of onions. Common pests include thrips, aphids, onion maggots, and nematodes, while common diseases include leaf blight, downy mildew, and pink root. To address these challenges, farmers can implement integrated pest and disease management strategies. This approach includes practices like crop rotation, cultural practices, and the use of organic pesticides.

Read: 5 Common Pest Problems in Kenya and How to Solve Them 


  • Market Fluctuations

The onion market can be volatile, with prices fluctuating due to diverse factors such as supply and demand, climate conditions, and international trade. Farmers may face challenges in predicting market trends and securing stable prices for their produce. To mitigate this, farmers can explore market diversification strategies, forming cooperatives, and establishing contractual agreements with buyers, ensuring they secure better prices and more stable markets.

  • Climate Change

Climate change poses a significant challenge to onion farming in Kenya. Shifts in rainfall patterns, increasing temperatures, and unpredictable weather events can impact onion production. Farmers can adapt to these changes by employing sustainable agricultural practices such as efficient irrigation technologies, mulching, and agroforestry. These practices can help conserve water, reduce soil erosion, and mitigate the impacts of climate change.

  • Access to Quality Seeds

Access to quality onion seeds can be a challenge for farmers, as low-quality seeds can result in poor germination rates, low yields, and susceptibility to diseases. To address this, farmers can engage in seed selection and preservation practices. They can also seek assistance from agricultural institutions and seed suppliers who provide certified seeds that are resistant to diseases and suitable for the local climate.


In the dynamic onion market of Kenya in 2024, the diversity and quality of onion varieties available offer immense opportunities for farmers, consumers, and stakeholders alike. From robust and disease-resistant hybrids to flavorful heirlooms, the 15 best onion varieties showcased represent the rich tapestry of Kenya’s agricultural landscape and culinary heritage.

These onion varieties not only contribute to agricultural productivity and economic growth but also enrich the culinary experiences of individuals across the country. With their unique flavors, vibrant colors, and culinary versatility, they inspire creativity in the kitchen and promote a culture of appreciation for locally grown produce.

To order onion seeds visit Kihysoco orcontact us on +254 705 031 180 or email us customercare@kihysoco.com or visit us on Three Adenways Building, Luthuli Avenue, Nairobi Kenya.




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